Friday, May 10, 2013


Shan left a comment  almost a year ago:
Mark, just a quick question: a blogger friend recently noted this:

"The holiness of God, or holy, or sanctification, or any word in that family, is not mentioned in the Bible between the 7th day of creation (Genesis 2:3) and Moses (Exodus 3:5). That's quite a gap! It seems like the topic should have come up with Abraham. Or Isaac. Or Jacob. If it did, it didn't make it into the Biblical record."

Any thoughts on why that might be?

I stewed over this for quite some time.  But it was during some (unrelated) reading that I found an answer. I've given the answer a lot of thought, and I think it's correct. So I'm going to pass it on. I think the article that caught my attention was Darby's comments on Exodus 15 in the Synopsis. I was going to copy some of his comments in here, but it's really long.

The key is Psalm 93:5
holiness becometh thy house, O Jehovah, for ever. (JND) 
The issue in Exodus is that God has taken up a habitation with men:
 44 And I will hallow the tent of meeting, and the altar; and I will hallow Aaron and his sons, that they may serve me as priests.
 45 And I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel, and will be their God.
 46 And they shall know that I am Jehovah their God, who have brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, to dwell in their midst: I am Jehovah their God.  (Exodus 29:44--46, JND)
God told Moses that He had taken the children of Israel out of Egypt to "dwell in their midst". This is something quite different than His relationship with the patriarchs.  It's true that Abraham was the friend of God, but there is not a word in Scripture that God dwelt with Abraham. We don't read about God dwelling with men until Exodus.

God's habitation introduces the responsibility to holiness.

From Exodus on, there is a history of God's dwelling with men. When Joshua led the people into the land, they set up the Tabernacle at Shiloh (Joshua 18:1). We've gone over the history of the ark and its location before (The Tabernacle at Gibeon), so we needn't repeat it here. But Psalm 78 details God's rejecting Shiloh and choosing Jerusalem as the place where He would put His name.  Jerusalem remained the place where God put His name until the Holy Spirit descended at Pentecost (Acts 2). Notice this occurred in Jerusalem. Now, Paul says, the assembly is the "habitation of God in the Spirit" (Ephesians 2:22).

God will once more choose Jerusalem as the place where He puts His name: that's plain from the prophets (Zechariah 1:17, 2:12). It is God's intention that His King will reign in Zion (Psalm 2), but that day hasn't come yet. It will: Christ will descend onto the Mount of Olives and come up into Jerusalem through the east gate (Zechariah 14, Ezekiel 43).

So to answer the question: holiness (or sanctification) is connected with God's habitation. In fact, "holiness" is first mentioned in Exodus 15, which is also the first mention of God's dwelling place:
 11 Who is like unto thee, Jehovah, among the gods? Who is like unto thee, glorifying thyself in holiness, Fearful in praises, doing wonders?
 12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them.
 13 Thou by thy mercy hast led forth the people that thou hast redeemed; Thou hast guided them by thy strength unto the abode of thy holiness. (Exodus 15:11--13, JND)
There is no question that God is holy, and always was. It's not like Abraham got a free pass, consider Genesis 17:1
And Abram was ninety-nine years old, when Jehovah appeared to Abram, and said to him, I am the Almighty *God: walk before my face, and be perfect. (JND)
Abraham was told to "be perfect". So we ought not to think that God's standard was low for Abraham. But the issue of holiness comes out of the responsibility of God's habitation. It's God's dwelling with men that brings the responsibility for holiness (cf. Numbers 5:2--3).

1 Timothy is interesting in this light: it's the epistle of how to behave oneself in God's house (1 Timothy 3:15). There is a responsibility in the house of God that is over and above the responsibility of the redeemed creature.

There is a tendency in "evangelical" Christianity to reduce everything to the individual. Scripture is full of teaching about God's dealing with individuals, but that's not the whole counsel of God. The whole counsel of God includes what I call "dispensational responsibility". This is really the bulk of Paul's epistles: there is a thing on the earth called the assembly (or church, or congregation, or gathering if you prefer), which Scripture calls the "habitation of God in the Spirit."  There is an order to be observed in the assembly, which is given in 1 Corinthians, 1 Timothy, etc. The order of Scripture isn't very popular today, but it's what God has laid out, and it's what He calls us to now as 2000 years ago. This is above and beyond individual justification, redemption, and salvation. It's how God calls us to behave in His house.

Well, I can feel a rant coming on, so I'll end this now.  Shan, I hope this answers your question.  I freely admit I got this from Johnny D., but as I've mulled this over, read Scripture, and researched the question, I've become convinced he was right. So I wanted to pass it on.


Anonymous said...

1. I Told you the Synopsis was good.

2. Do you think from Adam to Noah is almost an antithesis to the millennial reign? There is no dwelling. No walking, save Enoch.

Caleb said...

That was Caleb posting btw.

clumsy ox said...

You did, indeed, tell me the Synopsis was good. I publicly repented of calling it "Darby Lite".

You were right, I was wrong.

I hadn't really thought about Adam to Noah in those terms, but that's a good observation.

Scripture refers to Adam to Noah as a completely different world (2 Peter 2:5). That might explain why it calls Abraham the father of faith: Enoch, Abel, and Noah were men of faith long before Abraham. That's always made me wonder.

I'll be honest: I have more questions than answers on the Millenial reign. Your knowledge of the minor prophets far exceeds mine, but it seems there are a lot of gaps in Scripture when it comes to that. And I know even less of the eternal state.

Shan said...

Thanks for this, Mark - very helpful and well thought out.

I can't even remember where I first saw the question!